Transport on Demand (ToD): Public transport services with flexible routing and timetable, adjusted according to demand. Travellers make reservations beforehand to optimize routing and traveller frequency. They are also known as Demand Responsive Transport (DRT); dial-a-ride; citizen buses.


Car sharing and Ridesharing: Previously approved subscribers can rent available cars (car sharing) on short notice for short periods. Reservation, pickup, and return are all self-services, and the tariff usually covers all costs, including gasoline and insurance. Drivers offer ride sharing in spare seats to travellers going the same direction. Usually through a mobile application. Also known as car-pooling 


Mobility as a service (MaaS): Offers a flexible, well-priced and environmentally sustainable alternative to vehicle ownership by making all forms of travel accessible through a unified gateway using a single account (e.g. public transport, car sharing, car leasing, bike share) and integrated ticketing.


Combined transport solutions: May include combining passenger transport with goods transport (or the other way around); linking public transport with biking; timetable adjustments that make it easier to combine different public transport services 


Service to people: Services reach the user instead of the other way round as usual, e.g. mobile services that visit rural and peripheral areas in order to address particular needs or digital councelling or eHealth services.


Mobility Centre (MC): MCs offer tailor-made mobility information and services, combining all available transport modes such as car-sharing, and pooling, ToD, bike-sharing and other options. MCs can take both the form of a physical or a digital centre.


Other: Could be a mobility or accessibility solution through innovative public procurement or other novel approaches.

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